Operating System Kya Hai Aur Kaise Kaam Karta Hai

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Friends kya aapko pta hai ki operating system kya hai aur kya kaam karta hai. agar aapko ye nhi bhi pta hai to aaj aapko is post me ye sikhne ke liye mil jayega. operating system ko short karke OS bola jata hai. Aagar aap computer ya mobile use karte ho to aapke computer ya mobile phone par ek OS jarur hoti hai kyuki operating system ke bina computer ho ya mobile nahi chal sakta. To friends aagar aapko OS ke bareme bilkul nahi pata aur aapko operating system kya hai ke bareme jankari hasil karna hai to aap is post ko full read kare aapko pata chal jayega OS yani ki operating system kya hai iska kam kya aur ye kam kaise karte hai.

Operatin System Kya Hai Iska Kam Kya Hai ?

OS yani ki Operating System ek mobile aur computer ke liye bahuti jaruri hoti hai. OS bhi ek tarha ke software hai, jo aapke computer ki command output karne ka kam karte hai. Aabhi aapke sawal ho sakta he ki aapto koi bhi command type nahi kar rahe ho to command output kaise ho raha hai, Friends aap jab computer on karne ke bad aapke mouse ya keyboard use karte ho wohi command output ka kam karta hai. Ham aapne computer ya mobile par jo OS use karte hai jaise ki “Windows” ek OS hai aur isme pehle se hi command input reheta hai isi liye ham logko alag se command type karne ki jarurat nahi hota hai.

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Agar hum 1940s ki baat kare toh uss time operating system nahi hote the. Aap jarur soch rahe honge ki bina operating system ke computer phir kaam kaise karta tha ? So friends bina operating system ke unhe addition, subtraction, multiplication, division jaise chhote kaam mein bhi kuch minute lag jate the kyuki unhe inn chhote task ke liye bhi programming karni padti thi tabhi computer uss programming language ko read kar pata tha agar programming karte time chhoti galti bhi ho gayi toh unhe usey thik karne aur samajhne mein ghanto lag jate the. Mujhe lagta hai aapko ab pata chal gaya hoga ki operating system kya hai aur yeh kyu jaruri hai.

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Bahut se log yeh sochte hai ki operating system sirf windows ko bola jata hai jabki aisa kuch nahi hai dosto aapko jankar hairani hogi ki 600 se bhi jyada operating system different devices ke liye banai ja chuki hai kuch popular operating system ke naam kuch iss tarah hai windows, linux, android, macintosh etc. kuch operating system free hote hai aur kuch paid jaise ki linux ek free operating system hai jabki windows ek paid operating system hai.

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Ab shayad se aap samajh chuke honge ki operating system kya hai lekin main chahta hu ki aapko operating system ke bare mein jyada se jyada jankari ho isliye main aapko operating system ke types ke bare mein bhi bataunga toh chaliye inhe bhi padhte hai.

Types of Operating System:-

1) Real-Time Operating System: Iss operating ko hum RTOS bhi bolte hai inka use control machinery, scientific instruments aur industrial systems ko manage karne ke kaam aata hai. Yeh computer resources ko manage karta hai aur sabhi operations ko equal time deta hai. Real-Time Operating system ke bhi two types hai chaliye unhe bhi jaan lete hai

  • Hard-Real Time Systems: Iss tarah ke operating systems apna kaam time par complete karte hai.
  • Soft-Real Time Systems: Iss tarah ke operating systems sabse pehle jaruri task ko complete karte hai baad mein kisi dusre task par dhyan deta hai.

2)Single User, Single Task Operating System: Aapko naam se hi pata chal gaya hoga ki iss tarah ke operating systems ek time par sirf single user aur single task ko perform karte hai. Iss tarah ke operating system mein single task ya operation ek single user dwara bahut acche se perform kiya ja sakta hai Palm OS iska bahut accha example hai.

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3) Single User, Multi Task operating System: Iss tarah ka operating system ek se jyada task ko same time par perform kar sakta hai jaise ki koi user music sunte huye apne computer mein koi article bhi likh sakta hai. Iss OS ka jo processor hota hai woh time ko different task ke liye divide kar deta hai aur iss process ko hum time sharing systems ke naam se jante hai. Windows 95 aur uske baad wale versions iss OS ka bahut accha example hai.

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4) Multiuser Operating System: Iss tarah ke operating system mein multiple users same data ya information ko network ki madad se kisi time par access kar sakta hai aur users chahe toh ek dusre se bhi interact ho sakte hai. Iss tarah ke OS ke kuch example iss tarah hai Linux, Unix aur Windows 7.

5) Multiprocessing Operating System: Iss tarah ke operating system mein single user do ya do se jyada processor ka use kar sakta hai aur sabhi processing aur unke management parallel way mein kaam karte hai isliye iss OS ko hum Parallel Processing ke naam se bhi jante hai. Inke executions parallel way mein hote hai jis wajah se yeh high speed execution ke liye applicable hai aur inse computer power ko bhi badhaya ja sakta hai. Linux, UNIX aur Windows 7 iske kuch examples hai

6) Distributed Operating System: Yeh resource manager ki tarah kaam karta hai iss tarah ke operating system mein multiple users aur applications resources ko share kar sakte hai jaise ki CPUs, memories, peripheral devices, network aur har tarah ke data. LOCUS aur MICROS iss OS ke best examples hai

7) Network Operating System: Iss tarah ke operating system mein special function hote hai computer aur devices ko LAN ( Local Area Network) par connect karne ke liye. Iss tarah ke OS ke kuch examples iss tarah hai Novell Netware, Windows NT/2000, Linux, UNIX aur IBM OS/2.

Top Operating System (OS) Name :

1. Windows :  India me jitna bhi computer hai usme se 90%+ computer par Windows ke OS install hota hai, windows hone ke bahut sare wajha hai isko use karna bahut easy hota hai aur iske software bahi jadatar free mil jata hai. Windows ke bahut sare verison hai jaise aapko pata hai Windows xp ko lakar aabhi windows 7, 8, 10 chal raha hai, sayed aap aabhi jo OS use kar rahe ho wo windows 7, 8 ya 10 isme se koi ek hai.

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2. MAC :  Yebhi bahut popular ek OS hai lekin isko use karna jitna mislik hai usse kafi jada muskil hai isko kharid na kyuki ye Apple ka product hai aur aapko pata hai apple ka har ek product kitna price hota hai.

3. Linux : ye ek free OS hai isko koibhi use kar sakte hai, lekin isko use karnw windows os ki traha utna easy nahi hai, linux os ke kafi kernel version hai jaise ki Ubuntu ye aabhi bahuti popular hai aapbhi isko use kar sakte ho bilkul free me. aur ek OS hai Android yebhi Linux ko use karke banaya gaya hai.

Upar kuch popular Os ke bareme ham aapko bataya hai in sabko chodke aur bhi bahut OS hai jinka naam sayed kisi ko pata bhi nahi hai. niche kuch aise OS ke name sahre kiya hai jo sayed aapne kabhi bhi nahi suna.

  1. Haiku OS
  2. React O
  3. Aros OS
  4. Inferno OS
  5. Kolibri OS
  6. Dex OS
  7. Free VMS OS
  8. JNODE OS
  9. Syllable Os

Mobile Operating System (OS) :

Aagar aap sochte hai ki mobile phone ke koi OS nahi hota hai to aap galat soch te ho kyuki computer ki traha mobile par bhi OS hote hai, kyuki computer ki traha mobile par bhi OS ke kam same hai. Abhi Mobile OS me sabse popular hai Android, Windows and Apple iOS. Niche kuch top Mobile os ke list diya hai dekh sakte ho.

  1. .Ubuntu Touch.
  2. Windows 10 Mobile.
  3. BlackBerry 10.
  4. BlackBerry OS.
  5. Windows Mobile.
  6. Symbian.
  7. Firefox OS.
  8. Bada.

Final Word :

Friends main ummid karta hi aap ko (Operating System (OS) Kya Hai) ye post se thoda bahut madad aur kuch new jankari mila hai, aagar aapko Os yani ki Computer, Mobile Operating System ko lekar koibhi sawal hai to aap niche comment kar sakte ho main help karne ki kosis karunga. Aagar post aapko helpful lagta hai to post ko aapne dosto ke sath please share kare. Aajke liye itna hi jald hi milta hu koi new topic ke sath.

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